Capital


A capital is the upper end of a column, pillar or pilaster. Capitals originate from Greek antiquity and can be divided into three widespread orders.
Doric capitals are very simple and only widen towards the top. Ionic capitals end in two volutes and Corinthian capitals have a finial with acanthus ornamentation.
Apart from these three orders of columns, there are several others and also numerous variations. For example, Empire furniture often used engraved brass rings as capitals and pilaster shafts of Biedermeier furniture often end in caryatid busts at the top.

The photo shows a capital of the Corinthian order.

Also interesting

Gründerzeit

From an art historical perspective, "Gründerzeit" is a stylistic term for the late stylistic phase of Historicism [...]
Read more

Lisene

In furniture construction, the pilaster strip is the outermost upright part of a furniture front, i.e. the part [...]
Read more

Halfpillar

We call a half-column a column that only half protrudes from the wall. [...]
Read more